Military Justice - Army Rank-Up

What Army Regulation covers Military Justice?
AR 27-10
What does UCMJ stand for?
Uniform Code of Military Justice
What is imposed to correct misconduct in violation of the UCMJ?
Nonjudicial punishment (NJP)
Who may impose nonjudicial punishment?
Commanders
Before resorting to NJP, a commander should use what measures to the fullest extent?
Nonpunitive measures ie. extra training, counseling, denial of pass
Nonjudicial punishment is imposed at what Article?
Article 15
What are the two classifications of Article 15?
  1. Company grade
  2. Field grade (O-5 above)
When NJP has been imposed for an offense, can the punishment may again be imposed for the same offense?
No
When a Soldier is notified of Article 15, does the Soldier have the right to call a witness, present a statement, or present a defense?
Yes
What are the Soldier's rights after being notified of NJP pursuant to the UCMJ, Article 15?
  1. Right to remain silent
  2. Right to counsel
  3. Right to demand trial
  4. Right to appeal
How many appeal is permissible pursuant to UCMJ, Art. 15 proceedings?
One
The Soldier will be given a reasonable time of how many calendar days to submit an appeal?
No more than 5 calendar days
What kinds of punishment are authorized pursuant to the UCMJ, Art. 15?
  1. Correctional custody (max 7 days)
  2. Restriction (max 14 days)
  3. Extra duties (max 14 days)
  4. Reduction in grade (one grade E1-E3)
  5. Forfeiture of pay (7 days pay)
  6. Arrest in quarters
  7. Oral reprimand or admonition
Who has the "promotion athority" to reduce a Soldier's grade?
Imposing commander or any subordinate commander
What is mitigation?
Mitigiation is a reduction in either the quantity or quality of a punishment
What is remission?
Remission is an action whereby any portion of the unexecuted punishment is canceled
What is setting aside and restoration?
An action whereby the punishment or any part or amount, whether executed or unexecuted, is set aside and any rights, privileges, or property affected by the portion of the punishment set aside are restored.
Can a Soldier demand trial by court-martial after receiving Article 15?
Yes
What are the three types of courts-martial?
  1. Summary courts-martial
  2. Special courts-martial
  3. General courts-martial

Terms List

1: What Army Regulation covers Military Justice?
2: What does UCMJ stand for?
3: What is imposed to correct misconduct in violation of the UCMJ?
4: Who may impose nonjudicial punishment?
5: Before resorting to NJP, a commander should use what measures to the fullest extent?
6: Nonjudicial punishment is imposed at what Article?
7: What are the two classifications of Article 15?
8: When NJP has been imposed for an offense, can the punishment may again be imposed for the same offense?
9: When a Soldier is notified of Article 15, does the Soldier have the right to call a witness, present a statement, or present a defense?
10: What are the Soldier's rights after being notified of NJP pursuant to the UCMJ, Article 15?
11: How many appeal is permissible pursuant to UCMJ, Art. 15 proceedings?
12: The Soldier will be given a reasonable time of how many calendar days to submit an appeal?
13: What kinds of punishment are authorized pursuant to the UCMJ, Art. 15?
14: Who has the "promotion athority" to reduce a Soldier's grade?
15: What is mitigation?
16: What is remission?
17: What is setting aside and restoration?
18: Can a Soldier demand trial by court-martial after receiving Article 15?
19: What are the three types of courts-martial?